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1. Syllabus Introduction Types of Disasters and vulnerability profile of India Disaster Management Cycle Hyogo and Sendai Framewor...

Disaster and Disaster Management


1. Syllabus

  • Introduction
  • Types of Disasters and vulnerability profile of India
  • Disaster Management Cycle
  • Hyogo and Sendai Framework
  • Disaster Management in India
  • Disaster Management Act of 2005
  • Disaster Management Architecture and institution
  • Case studies of recent disasters


2. Basics
Understanding Hazard and Disaster
A hazard is a natural event while the disaster is its consequence. 

Disaster: A sudden event that leads to a huge loss of life and property. 




3. A natural and manmade disaster



4. Earthquakes

5. Volcanos

6. Tsunami

7. Floods

8. Landslides

9. Cyclones

10. Dust storm and Forest fires



11. PYQ
2013 UPSC question:
  • How important are vulnerability and risk assessment for pre-disaster management. As an administrator,what are key areas that you would focus in a disaster management?
2014 UPSC question:
  • Drought has been recognised as a disaster in view of its party expense, temporal duration, slow onset and lasting effect on various vulnerable sections. With a focus on the September 2010 guidelines from the National disaster management authority, discuss the mechanism for preparedness to deal with the El Nino and La Nina fallouts in India.
2015 UPSC question:
  • The frequency of earthquakes appears to have increased in the Indian subcontinent. However, India’s preparedness for mitigating their impact has significant gaps. Discuss various aspects.
2016 UPSC question:
  • With reference to National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) guidelines, discuss the measures to be adopted to mitigate the impact of the recent incidents of cloudbursts in many places of Uttarakhand.
  • The frequency of urban floods due to high intensity rainfall is increasing over the years. Discussing the reasons for urban floods. highlight the mechanisms for preparedness to reduce the risk during such events.
2017 UPSC question:
  • On December 2004, tsumani brought havoc on 14 countries including India. Discuss the factors responsible for occurrence of Tsunami and its effects on life and economy. In the light of guidelines of NDMA (2010) describe the mechanisms for preparedness to reduce the risk during such events.
2018 UPSC question:
  • Describe various measures taken in India for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) before and after signing ‘Sendai Framework for DRR (2015-2030)’. How is this framework different from ‘Hyogo Framework for Action, 2005?





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