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Syllabus, Internal security comes under GS Paper-3 Linkage between development and spread of extremism. Role of external state and...

Introduction to Internal Security


Internal security comes under GS Paper-3
  • Linkage between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to India's internal security.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication network, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering, and its prevention.
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkage of organized crime with terrorism.
  • Various security forces and agencies and their mandate. 

Lack of development and poor management of resources which causes extremism. 

State actor: Ministry of agriculture, income tax department, these are the part of gov. Security forces are state actors, intelligence bureau, CBI, they are all state actors.

Non-state actor: NGO, private companies, lobby groups like traders and labours have their own representative and lobby. 

External State Actor: ISI(Intelligence of Pakistan), or Mossad(Intelligence of Israel) are external state actors. 

External Non-state Actor: Al-QaedaJaish-e-Mohammed, Taliban are examples of external non-state actors. 

It is very difficult to find that external state actor funding some external non-state actor for India.  

Highlighted Topics to study.
  • Left-Wing Extremism
  • North-East Insurgency
  • Terrorism
  • Role of communication networks, media and social media in creating challenges to internal security. 
  • Cybersecurity (5th dimension of warfare,)
  • Money Laundering
  • Border Management and organized crime
  • Security forces and agencies and their mandate
  • police reform
  • Question paper analysis

Dimensions of warfare

1. Land
2. Sea
3. Air
4. Space (4th Dimension)
5. Information(Cyber Warfare) (5th Dimensions)

The Fifth Dimension of Warfare complements the four classical dimensions: land, sea, air, and space. 

Asia's two principal areas of illicit opium production. 

1. The Golden Crescent (Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran)
2. Golden Triangle (Southeast Asia) 
The Golden Triangle is the area where the borders of Thailand, Laos, and Myanmar meet at the confluence of the Ruak and Mekong rivers.

  • Organized criminal networks exist in these areas. 
  • Global hubs of opium and human trafficking, 
  • These areas are well connected with terrorist outfits like Taliban, jais-emohhamd etc. 
  • India is sandwiched between golden crescent and the golden triangle. 

Primary functioning is the police for internal security. 

Every year 3-4 questions come under GS-3 paper (50-60 marks). So it is very important to study this subject. 

This is my personal notes, if you have any doubts, please ask in query sections or contact me at

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